D.1 Scientific focus
The overall objective of the Action is to gain a better knowledge on the specificities of caprine responses to parasites in order to implement more efficient and sustainable methods of control. This will be achieved through 4 working groups (WG), three dedicated to basic researches in various disciplines, the 4th one being more oriented towards the assessment of novel, sustainable methods of control to compose integrated control schemes against parasite infections. Within each WG, different tasks have been identified.
D.2 Scientific work plan – methods and means
The different studies will aim at providing specific information on goats but as far as possible they will be conducted by comparison with data acquired on sheep either directly, within the same experimental design or by reference to the available literature.
Compared to research conducted at national levels, the main interest of the Action will rely on the ability to collect data and explore genetic or scientific resources available at a local and/or regional level and to integrate and compare them on a larger scale. For example, at a local/regional scales, data will be collected to:
- characterise the response to parasite of the different caprine European breeds to parasite infections,
- evaluate the influence of various system managements,
- measure the possible antiparasitic properties of diverse natural plant resources.
Samples and data will be collected in each institution according to common, shared protocols with homogenised approaches, despite differences in the local farming systems, grassland and flock management and environment and vegetation (See WG 1 and WG4). The exchange of technologies, besides being one of the main issue of the WG activities, will also be particularly targeted through the design of STSM and training schools, open to ESR and PhD students.
On the other hand, it is expected that the Action networking, by favouring the exchanges of information at a large scale, will be also relevant to generate data for the potential creation of conceptual general models with possible applied outcomes.
WG 1: Specificity of goat behaviour and epidemiology of parasite infections
WG 2: Goat immune response to parasites: pathological consequences.
WG 3: Pharmacokinetics and efficiency of AHs
WG 4: Sustainable control of parasite infections in goats.